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Voices from the Field: Zero COVID-19 cases in DPRK, but human rights concerns re... 
Date : May 19, 2020
When the COVID-19 outbreak began in China, UN Human Rights immediately saw the potential dangers for neighbouring Democratic People's Republic of Korea (more commonly known as North Korea, hereafter "DPRK").Although, at the time of writing, the DPRK had not officially recorded any cases of COVID-19, UN Human Rights holds grave concerns for the human rights consequences that the virus – and measures taken to prevent its spread - will bring to a population which is already suffering.Signe Poulsen is the Representative for UN Human Rights in Seoul, in the Republic of Korea. From Seoul, the UN Human Rights team is monitoring the situation for people inside the DPRK.How has COVID-19 affected your work?In late February, when the number of infections in the Republic of Korea (ROK) was rapidly increasing, there was not much information about how to respond. As a precautionary measure, our staff who had possibly been exposed in locations where the virus had spread, started working from home.  Later, we extended this to most of the team, in line with the ROK Government's guidelines on physical distancing. The Seoul office was the first in UN Human Rights to begin working remotely.…
North Korea: The last transition economy? 
Date : April 10, 2020
OECD Economics Department Working PapersNorth Korea: The last transition economy?DOI: https://doi.org/10.1787/82dee315-enThe North Korean economy has been a statistical black hole for decades but is undergoing substantial transformations. Rapid post-war industrialisation was not sustained beyond the mid-1960s and South Korea’s economy far outpaced North Korea’s during the next three decades, during which trend...[Source: OECD iLibrary]
2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices 
Date : March 12, 2020
2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Democratic People's Republic of Koreaby US Department of StateExecutive SummaryThe Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK or North Korea) is an authoritarian state led by the Kim family since 1949. Shortly after Kim Jong Il’s death in 2011, his son Kim Jong Un was named marshal of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People’s Army. His titles also include chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Worker’s Party of Korea, chairman of the State Affairs Commission, and Supreme Representative of the Korean People. Kim Jong Un’s grandfather, the late Kim Il Sung, remains “eternal president.” The most recent national elections, held in March, were neither free nor fair.Authorities maintained effective control over the security forces. The internal security apparatus includes the Ministries of People’s Security and State Security and the Military Security Command. A systematic and intentional overlap of powers and responsibilities existed between these organizations in order to prevent any potential subordinate consolidation of power and assure that each unit provides a check and balance on the other.Significant…
Statement by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights 
Date : March 12, 2020
Statement by Michelle BacheletUnited Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Distinguished President,Excellencies,Colleagues, Friends,Pursuant to resolutions 34/24 and 40/20, I am honoured to update the Council regarding the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).In line with resolutions 34/24 and 40/20, we have strengthened monitoring and documentation; continued to develop an information and evidence repository; and are currently exploring strategies for future accountability.Our monitoring indicates apparently systematic human rights violations in detention centres in the DPRK, including sexual violence against women and girls. These violations appear to be taking place under the direct authority of two Ministries, with likely involvement of higher authorities. They may amount to crimes against humanity, which could engage the individual criminal responsibility of DPRK officials.We are seeking to identify those most responsible for such crimes. We are also looking into the abduction of foreign nationals, including people from Japan and the Republic of Korea And we are working with States, civil society and other partners to identify and promote a number of avenues …
HRW World Report 2020 - North Korea 
Date : January 15, 2020
North Korea remains one of the most repressive countries in the world. Kim Jong Un, the third leader of the Kim dynasty, continues to serve as head of government and the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea, using threats of execution, arbitrary punishment of crimes, and detention and forced labor to maintain fearful obedience. Kim also continues to tightly restrict travel out of the country and communication with the outside world.The government does not tolerate any dissent. It bans independent media, civil society, and trade unions, and systematically denies basic rights, including freedom of expression, assembly, association, and religion. It systematically extracts forced, unpaid labor from its citizens to build infrastructure and public implement projects. The government also fails to protect or promote the rights of numerous at-risk groups, including women, children, and people with disabilities.In 2019, Kim Jong Un continued the diplomatic engagement efforts he started in 2018, and met with Chinese President Xi Jinping, South Korean President Moon Jae-in, US President Donald Trump, Vietnamese President Nguyen Phu Trong, and Russian President Vladimir Putin. ......[Source: Human …
North-East Asian Multistakeholder Forum on SDGs 
Date : November 4, 2019
North-East Asian Multistakeholder Forum on Sustainable Development Goals15 OCT 2019 TO 16 OCT 2019VLADIVOSTOK, RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Lost Generation 
Date : October 30, 2019
Lost Generation: The Health and Human Rights of North Korean Children, 1990–2018by W. Courtland RobinsonOct 18, 2019Lost Generation: The Health and Human Rights of North Korean Children, 1990–2018 is a nearly thirty-year study monitoring the health and human rights conditions of North Korean children. “Health” is defined by the World Health Organization as a “state of complete physical, mental, and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” Lost Generation applies three core international human rights instruments—primarily the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), and the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (Refugee Convention)—from a public health perspective.[Source: HRNK]
NK Organization and Guidance Department 
Date : October 30, 2019
North Korea's Organization and Guidance Department: The Control Tower of Human Rights Denialby Robert Collins[Source: NHRNK]
Universal Periodic Review - third cycle 
Date : September 26, 2019
​​​​​​​​​​Universal Periodic Review - Democratic People’s Republic of KoreaOnly contributions submitted in one of the United Nations official languages are admissible and posted ​on this webpageThird CycleDate of consideration: Thursday 9 May 2019 - 14:30 - 18:00
The 74th UN SG Report 
Date : September 9, 2019
Situation of human rights in the Democratic People’sRepublic of KoreaReport of the Secretary-GeneralA/74/268Seventy-fourth sessionItem 72 (c) of the provisional agenda*Promotion and protection of human rights: human rights situations and reports of special rapporteurs and representatives
MEASUREMENT, ACTION, FREEDOM 
Date : July 24, 2019
MEASUREMENT, ACTION, FREEDOMAn independent assessment of government progress towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal 8.7What is the Measurement, Action, Freedom report?The Measurement, Action, Freedom report is a tool for citizens, non-government organisations (NGOs), businesses, and governments to understand current legislative and policy responses to modern slavery. It provides an independent assessment of 183 governments and their responses to the challenge of Sustainable Development Goal 8.7, which aims to eradicate modern slavery. Governments are assessed against their ability to identify and support survivors, to establish effective criminal justice systems, to strengthen coordination mechanisms and be held to account, to address underlying risk factors, and to clean up government and business supply chains, all in order to eradicate modern slavery. The findings shine a light on those taking strong action, identify those that are lagging, and highlight the activities that should be prioritised. As a result of our assessment, we know that progress towards SDG 8.7 has been incredibly slow to date and that we are not on track to achieve SDG 8.7 by 2030. Future editions wi…
HRNK-Labor Camp (Kyo-hwa-so) No. 4 at Kangdong 
Date : June 30, 2019
North Korea’s Long-term Re-education through Labor Camp (Kyo-hwa-so) No. 4 at KangdongThis report is part of a comprehensive long-term project undertaken by HRNK to use satellite imagery to shed light on human suffering in North Korea by monitoring activity at prison facilities throughout the nation. This study details activity observed during the past 15 years at a prison facility identified by escapees and researchers as “Kyo-hwa-so No. 4, Kangdong” (39.008838° 126.153277°) and endeavors to establish a preliminary baseline report of the facility.[Source: HRNK]
HRNK: NK Kyo-hwa-so at Pokchang-ni 
Date : June 13, 2019
North Korea’s Long-term Re-education through Labor Camp (Kyo-hwa-so) at Pokchŏng-niThis report is part of a comprehensive long-term project undertaken by HRNK to use satellite imagery to shed light on human suffering in North Korea by monitoring activity at political prison facilities throughout the nation. This study details activity observed during the past 14 years at a prison facility that is provisionally being identified as the Pokchŏng-ni Kyo-hwa-so (39.001730 126.055616) and endeavors to establish a preliminary baseline report of the facility.[Source: HRNK]
Long-term Re-education through Labor Camp 
Date : May 30, 2019
The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) Launches Report Based on Satellite Imagery of North Korea’s Pokchong-ni Labor CampHigh-security compound constructed during the months prior to Jang Song-thaek’s execution; high-value detainees likely presentThe Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK), a non-governmental organization based in Washington, D.C., has launched the report North Korea’s Long-term Re-education through Labor Camp (Kyo-hwa-so) at Pokchong-ni. The report was authored by senior satellite imagery expert Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr. in collaboration with HRNK’s Greg Scarlatoiu, Amanda Mortwedt Oh, and Rosa Park, with the assistance of veteran satellite imagery specialists Bobby Holt and Allen Anderson. For this report, HRNK analyzed 20 high-resolution pan-sharpened multispectral and pan-chromatic satellite images of the camp and its immediate surroundings. HRNK examined checkpoints, guard positions, security perimeters, housing, and agricultural support facilities and activities. Partly due to the proficiency of North Korean military and security officials in camouflage, concealment, and deception (CCD) procedures, HRNK is presently unable to est…
The price is rights 
Date : May 28, 2019
The price is rights: The violation of the right to an adequate standard of living in the Democratic People’s Republic of KoreaThis report considers the right to an adequate standard of living in the DPRK, and the widespread existence of corruption as people struggle to enjoy this right. UN Human RIghts Office of the High Commission 
 
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